Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is the area of maritime jurisdiction of coastal states, and includes the waters, the seabed and subsoil of the region, and begins after the end of the coastal zone. This institution is the most important innovation of the new law of the sea.
Each coastal state has the right to designate the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) up to 200 miles.
The Convention on the Law of the Sea was established in 1982 and created a new maritime zone, the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). Referred to in Article 56 of the UN Convention, which sets out the powers and duties of the coastal state, in this exclusive economic zone.
The coastal country has the right to designate the EEZ as a zone extending up to 200 nautical miles from its coast within which the coastal State exercises sovereign rights in matters relating to the exploration, exploitation, conservation and management of natural resources and resources, living or not, the overlying waters, seabed and subsoil of the sea, under the condition that there will meets EEZ across the country, if he meets the EEZ across the country then the limit is determined by the average distance or midline.
A coastal State of a unilateral declaration of EEZ proclamation. Then, conclude agreements boundary with neighbouring states.
If neighbouring countries fail to agree and define their maritime economic zone then solve their dispute by reference to the International Court of Justice.
What appears below the map of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the Republic of Cyprus.
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